List of Climate Change Agreements

Climate change is a significant environmental issue that continues to affect our planet, and it`s essential to understand the various agreements that have been made to combat the problem. Over the years, numerous international agreements have been established to address climate change, with the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating its effects. Below is a list of some of the significant climate change agreements that have been enacted.

1. Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement is one of the most significant global agreements that address climate change. The agreement was adopted in 2015 and came into effect in 2016. It was designed to curb global warming by keeping the global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

2. Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change. The protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, and it came into effect in 2005. It set targets for reducing emissions from developed countries by an average of 5.2% below 1990 levels.

3. Montreal Protocol

The Montreal Protocol is an international agreement that aims to protect the Earth`s ozone layer. It was signed in Montreal, Canada, in 1987 and entered into force in 1989. The protocol was developed to phase out substances that were responsible for depleting the ozone layer, such as chlorofluorocarbons.

4. Copenhagen Accord

The Copenhagen Accord was agreed upon at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen in 2009. The accord aimed to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It also pledged to provide funding for developing countries to adapt to climate change and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

5. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

The UNFCCC is an international treaty that was adopted in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The treaty`s ultimate objective is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.

In conclusion, climate change is a pressing global problem that requires collective action. The international agreements mentioned above play a crucial role in promoting global cooperation and reducing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the negative effects of climate change. As individuals and nations, we all have a role to play in combating climate change, and understanding these agreements is a significant step towards achieving that goal.